Average Monthly Rainfall 1901 - 2009 (mm) The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Mean annual pan evaporation is 2 450 mm in the southeast, 2 620 mm in the center and 5 220 mm in the north of the country. 0000021291 00000 n Niger Delta cities and their annually rainfall totals in … 3. The report includes country-specific three-year forecasts for major macroeconomic indicators, including commodity and financial markets. A lot of rain (rainy season) falls in the months: April, May, June, July and October. Moving north from Ibadan, mean annual rainfall in the west is in the range of 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters. A tropical savanna is a grassland biome located in semi-arid to semi-humid climate regions of subtropical and tropical latitudes, with rainfall between 750 and 1,270 mm (30 and 50 in) a year. The land has a total area of 923,770 km² and a total coastline of 853 km. Nigeria is affected by the Tropical Continental and Tropical Maritime air masses. In the southeast stands the Obudu Plateau. A map of Nigeria showing the southeastern geographical region is shown in Figure 1. Regions along the coast in western Nigeria receive about 1800 mm rainfall annually, which decreases to about 500-1000 mm in central and northern Nigeria. February is the hottest month in Lagos with an average temperature of 29°C (84°F) and the coldest is July at 25°C (77°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 10 in December. The northern part of Nigeria has the lowest amount of rainfall in a year sometimes as little as 120 to 130 rainy days in Kano and even lesser by 10 to 20 days in Katsina and Sokoto. Nigeria consumes 428,000 barrels per day (B/d) of oil as of the year 2016.; Nigeria ranks 37th in the world for oil consumption, accounting for about 0.4% of the world's total consumption of 97,103,871 barrels per day. All time series cover at least a century and most cover roughly one and one-half centuries or more. About 1389 mm | 54.7 inch of precipitation falls annually. The rainy season in the northern part of Nigeria last for only three to four months (June–September). H�\��j�0E�~ Further downstream the river becomes the border between Niger and Benin, from where three main tributaries enter the river (Mekrou, Alibori, Sota) with a total annual discharge of about 3 km 3. Rain forests are characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1,750 and 2,000 mm (69 and 79 in). The aim of this study was to analyse the cycles and periodicities of annual rainfall over Awka region, Nigeria. Histogram, trendline and time series were the statistical tools employed to analyse the data. T. O. Odekunle, Rainfall and the length of the growing season in Nigeria, International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.1012, 24, 4, (467-479), (2004). 0000009303 00000 n Maize yield data was obtained from Taraba State Agricultural Development Programme for the period 1985–2014. DATA Daily rainfall data collected at 25 locations in northern Nigeria for 1931â 96 were analyzed. However, periodicities have been detected in the study of rainfall periodicities in West Africa and Nigeria, in … Global Economic Prospects examines trends for the world economy and how they affect developing countries. North of Kaduna, through the northern Guinea savanna and then the Sudan savanna zones, the total rainfall and the length of the rainy season decline steadily. With the contribution of eight consecutive high monthly temperature records set from January to August, and the remainder of the months ranking among their five warmest, 2016 became the warmest year in NOAA's 137-year series. 0000016923 00000 n A band of heavy rain moves north and south of the Equator seasonally. The rain continues in most part of the country till even October and … and the low dependability of rainfall. Free phone within New Zealand: 0800 RING NIWA (0800 746 464) Contact details x�b```b``qg`e`�1e`@ 6 da�����ym�T�X�z_��}�f���L��L�2�����L]8-2u*X�Ѿ �K�ȑ���j��m˛$��68�r�diviMʌꓐ�;�M�+Ik�� ;O����]ߥ�"6U���idgQ����5���s��[�,�N���`I��p8i����tVX�HҊe��j+�,>;� ��u'we���m�7��hᙵd��A��g�^�.ܶ�8�n��zj��D��V�U3:y���~�s���SPt:�P�ڮ�j2��2rL8��b�֒E�Y ye,J���hWZ�6u��Ɲ7:y�Z���Vy�+�-nc{��غhF�*�� �,����x�T'%%��H�1)��t� ��(b7@Ó��4��I����%IEZZ���D5� &%�44��T�=�`]��̇�6�nP`�j�m�� �=A�Ò��@+Cm�/�&� N��W�7��1h��J1Ҽ!Ƭ�S���a���e@G1V0�`?�l�� �������!�e��&s��[�#ņ����@� � �~� endstream endobj 62 0 obj <>/Metadata 59 0 R/Pages 56 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 63 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 64 0 obj <> endobj 65 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj <>stream In addition, sea surface temperatures both surrounding and west of New Zealand were typically higher than normal, particularly from January to Ju… 0000006783 00000 n Kubwa August is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging 23.9 °C | 75.0 °F. There are direct national borders with the 4 neighbouring countries Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. The rainfall decreases in amount and distribution from the coast to the hinterland. mean monthly humidity is about 65%. The ?rainy season? Long-term changes in rainfall during this period therefore govern the changes in the annual total. Annual rainfall totals are lower compared to the southern and central part of Nigeria. Remarkably, this is the third consecutive year a new global annual temperature record has been set. TRMM measures rainfall in the tropics. Recent Climate Trends Temperature This paper examined rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, using both monthly and annual rainfall data from 1931 to 1997. Rainfall is bimodal in the Mangrove and Rainforest and parts of the Derived savanna zones and uni-modal in the Guinea, Sudan and Sahel savannas. Gwarinpa Annual totals of Rainfall in the Southwest Figure 3. The yearly rainfall data for some sub-divisions, namely Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Assam follow and increasing trend. 0000010719 00000 n 0000004436 00000 n Wiley Online Library N. J. Bello, An investigation of the characteristics of the onset and cessation of the rains in Nigeria, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 10.1007/BF00865159, 54 , 3-4, (161-173), (1996). positive trend. km) Download. There is a significant difference in monthly rainfall trends from 1982 to 2011. 0000009189 00000 n The ecological zones of the country are broadly grouped into three, which are Sahel, Savannah and the Guinea zones. Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. 0000007742 00000 n Met Éireann, the Irish National Meteorological Service, is the leading provider of weather information and related services for Ireland. 1992-1996 respectively. Given this climatological cycle and the size of the country, there is a considerable range in total annual rainfall across Nigeria, both from south to north and, in some regions, from east to west. On average there are 121 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation) or 10.1 days with a quantity of rain, sleet, snow etc. It has the Saharan desert in the north, the Sahel to the south of the desert, and the Sudan in the southwest corner. Lagos, Nigeria: Annual Weather Averages. These months yield 77â 94% of the total annual rainfall for the southern and northern margins of the region. The mean annual total rainfall in the south is about 1800mm while that of the northern part is hardly over 1600mm (Online Nigeria, 2003). 0000031111 00000 n High-latitude regions, where TRMM does not record rainfall, are gray. TRMM measures rainfall in the tropics. Lagos has dry periods in January and December. 7l�a���� s�9�h0�́� s�9��p:��}�(�]�.E��Kѥ�Rt)�]�.E�r�>�^E��W�^��G��b�>�}��(�Q��Ǹ�a���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� �z��׬ Annual rainfall totals vary from 2,400 to over 4,000 millimeters. 3. Table 1. Moving north from Ibadan, mean annual rainfall in the west is in the range of 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters. The most obvious pattern in the total rainfall maps is seasonal change. This pressure set-up produced more northerlies and northwesterlies than normal over the country, which contributed to the exceptional warmth experienced in New Zealand during the year. The far south is defined by its tropical rainforest climate, where annual rainfall is 60 to 80 inches (1,500 to 2,000 mm) a year. Mean annual rainfall over the whole country is estimated at 1 150 mm. On average, June is the wettest month. Overall, annual mean sea level pressures for 2016 were lower than normal to the southwest of New Zealand and slightly higher than normal to the east of the North Island. However, south Assam is the only sub-division where rainfall data show a negative trend. Annual precipitation is below 500 millimeters (20 inches) in the extreme north-east, on the shores of Lake Chad, it ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 mm (40 to 60 in) in the central region, it exceeds 2,000 mm (80 in) in the south, and it even exceeds 3,000 mm (120 in) in the far south-east (the map below shows the average rainfall, in millimeters on the left and in inches on the right). of Nigeria with a mean annual rainfall of 1230mm.The rainy season is between May and October when about 80% of the annual rainfall occurs. The choice of 30 years was based on availability and consistency of data from the authorities. This represents a 38% increase from 2003 when the population of Nigeria was approximately 126.30M. Nigeria’s total annual renewable water resources are estimated at 286.2 km3 (Table 3). km) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm in the southern areas to 1,150mm in the northern areas. Annual rainfall of Awka Region (1975-2010). Rainfall amount, pattern, duration each year, have a serious impact on the condition of biodiversity, forest and wildlife in the study area. Aso T. O. Odekunle, Rainfall and the length of the growing season in Nigeria, International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.1012, 24, 4, (467-479), (2004). High-latitude regions, where TRMM does not record rainfall, are gray. It is about 1 000 mm in the center of the country and 500 mm in the northeast. Nigeria is a country located in Africa south of the Sahara.As of 2012 Nigeria had a total population of approximately 173.89M people. The most obvious pattern in the total rainfall maps is seasonal change. Asokoro Inland, it decreases to around 130 cm (50 inch) over most of central Nigeria and only 50 cm (20 inch) in the extreme north. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. The data was retrieved from the archives of the Nigerian Meteorological Agency in Lagos. It is the condensation of water vapour into clouds which become heavily laden with water that leads to rainfall events. Some characteristics of observed daily rainfall in the area are shown in Figures 2 and 3, based on data from the Nigeria Meteorological Office, Lagos. 0000011619 00000 n 0000000996 00000 n Rainfall decreases progressively away from the coast; the far north … Rainfall Analysis in Enugu Environment (1917-2004) Time series analysis of rainfall below disclosed pattern of rainfall from 1917-2004. Each place has a total for the amount of precipitation it usually receives in a year along with information on the number of days with wet weather. It is drained by River Kaduna. 0000008575 00000 n The rainfall maps show total monthly rainfall in millimeters as recorded by NASA’s Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite, which is a joint mission between NASA and the Japanese Space Agency. The typical rainfall data were obtained from each decade. Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. The average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm (39.37 in) As indicated under climate, the expected climate vegetation is the evergreen high forest composed of many varieties of In addition to the NDVI data, total monthly rainfall data for Nigeria for the same period (1981 – 2009) were also used. This is the result of annual total rainfall occurrence and distribution, which is more predominant in the south than in the north. The Guinea savanna starts in the middle belt, or southern part of northern Nigeria. Southern Nigeria: The four observed seasons are: Ankuru About 70% of Nigeria's crude oil and gas production is from the area. Maitama A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. The country is covered by three major types of vegetation which include forests, savannahs and montane land. North of Kaduna, through the northern Guinea savanna and then the Sudan savanna zones, the total rainfall and the length of the rainy season decline steadily. 0000001771 00000 n The tables below give yearly averages for rainfall plus snowfall at cities, towns and parks in Maine. Rainfall/ Precipitation in Lagos, Nigeria Lagos is awarded on average 1506.6 mm (59.3 in) of rainfall per year, or 125.6 mm (4.9 in) per month. per month. 0000008299 00000 n The country has about 20 islands. -�EqbI�ׂ 䧅,�f�[�&�q�E�~t}KG4��ǹ�r����];����ׇ0�S�5c������m�-Ӵ���i�__�!��͇�u According to Adefolalu (1986), locations north of 8°N in the country received over 90% of the total annual rainfall in April–October while for southern stations the proportion of wet season rainfall was 84–88% of the annual total. The average annual temperature is 25.7 °C | 78.3 °F in Abuja. 0000012496 00000 n Mabushipe 0000035566 00000 n High rain totals are represented in dark blue, while small rainfall totals are shown in white. On average there are 121 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation) or 10.1 days with a quantity of rain, sleet, snow etc. On average, January is the driest month. influence of the tropical maritime. Annual rainfall total varies widely from year to … Benoit (1977) has studied the start of growing season rainfall in northern Nigeria for the years 1951-1975. Nigeria's tropical climate makes it an all-year-round tourist destination, with temperatures staying consistently hot. Nigeria Jump to. Nigeria has a varied landscape. Most of the precipitation here falls in September, averaging 284 mm | 11.2 inch. There is a difference of 283 mm | 11 inch of precipitation between the driest and wettest months. Niger is one of the hottest countries in the planet. The intense heat of the Saharan zone often causes the little rainfall to evaporate before it hits the ground. 0000016888 00000 n For over 50 years, Total Nigeria Plc has remained the leader in the downstream sector of the Nigerian oil and gas industry with an extensive distribution network of To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. The equation used is: A R = 1 12 ∑ i = 1 12 R i (2) where: M R = monthly rainfall amount (mm); R i = daily rainfall amount at the study area; n = number of days in a month; i … 0000003410 00000 n Kaduna, © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors, Abuja Weather by month // weather averages. This paper critically examines the mathematical study of monthly and annual rainfall patterns in Nasarawa State for 20 years (1993-2012) using data obtained from the Map showing Awka Region, Nigeria. Obtained from the archives of the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), these data were collected from twenty-three (23) observation stations all over the country. The total annual discharge leaving Burkina Faso is estimated at about 1.4 km 3. To determine the annual variation in rainfall variation from 1982 to 2011. April is the warmest month of the year. In the northern part, annual rainfall amounts have been on the increase especially from the … 0000005236 00000 n To determine the biannual variation in rainfall from 1982 to 2011. TRMM measures rainfall in the tropics. The geographical area called Nigeria has a total land area of 983,213 km 2 with over 180 million people living in it. The statistical tools employed for the study are the cumulative index analysis and the percentage of mean. External water resources are estimated at 65.2 The rest of the year is hot and dry with temperatures climbing as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) . Water resources in Lower Kaduna catchment are limited and with deteriorating quality due to … The wettest month in Nigeria is June in southern and the wettest area is the east coast, parts of which receive over 4000 mm rainfall annually. Long-term changes in rainfall during this period therefore govern the changes in the annual total. The data was retrieved from the archives of the Nigerian Meteorological Agency in Lagos. Nigeria is a country in West Africa at the Gulf of Guinea. 0000002501 00000 n The average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm (39.37 in) Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. The average global temperature across land and ocean surface areas for 2016 was 0.94°C (1.69°F) above the 20thcentury average of 13.9°C (57.0°F), surpassing the previous record warm… Rain is the liquid form of water falling to the land surface where as Snow is the solid form of water. Here is the average precipitation. Rainfall. 0000002390 00000 n According to Adefolalu (1986), locations north of 8°N in the country received over 90% of the total annual rainfall in April–October while for southern stations the proportion of wet season rainfall was 84–88% of the annual total. Total Nigeria Plc is a Marketing and Services subsidiary of Total; a multinational energy company operating in more than 130 countries and committed to providing sustainable products and services for its customers. He has The mean annual rainfall along the coast in the south- east is 4000mm while it is only 500mm in the north- east. The closest Airports of Abuja are: Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (ABV) 24.93km,Kaduna Airport (KAD) 170.37km,Akanu Ibiam International Airport (ENU) 288.36km, You can reach Abuja from this Cities by Plane: London (LHR), Paris (CDG), Frankfurt am Main (FRA), Port Harcourt (PHC), Addis Abeba (ADD), Accra (ACC), Lagos (LOS), Calabar (CBQ), Cairo (CAI), Malabo (SSG), Kano (KAN), Yola (YOL), Orji (QOW), Abuja (ABV), Benin City (BNI), Kuje Aso 0000014240 00000 n f\�Rf�n���y�!���x2���}���8�#a>�� �@��ϓj����_�W� j�� endstream endobj 67 0 obj <> endobj 68 0 obj <>stream The data was collected on 9 synoptic stations in the region. In each case, the article includes the longest and most comprehensive precipitation gauge series ever published. 0000010108 00000 n Having said that, the weather is perhaps most suitable for visiting towards the end of dry season, when temperatures and humidity are most comfortable. In the capital, Niamey, 585 mm (23 in) of rain fall per year, with the first sporadic showers in the afternoon or evening as early as in May, which increase progressively until August, when rainfall reaches 205 mm (8 in), and then they decrease by September and cease in early October. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. Kusafe High rain totals are represented in dark blue, while small rainfall totals are shown in white. High rain totals are represented in dark blue, while small rainfall totals are shown in white. 0000001672 00000 n The rainfall data was used in calculating the mean monthly rainfall, annual rainfall, the onset, cessation and length of rainy season. A band of heavy rain moves north and south of the Equator seasonally. km) Urban land area (sq. 1.5 HYPOTHESIS i. Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Climate Change. Wuse 0000003989 00000 n The hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara sweeps across the northeastern areas which. In the east annual rainfall is only 2 cm (0.79 inches). These months yield 77–94% of the total annual rainfall for the southern and northern margins of the region. TABLE 1 agro-ecological zones in Nigeria Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN), 2003). (2010); they observed that rainfall trend in Nigeria is decreasing on annual basis. April to October is the rainy season in Nigeria. Precipitation is heavier in the south, especially in the southeast, which receives more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) of rain a year, compared with about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the southwest. 0000004265 00000 n This agrees with the studies of Ati et al. is from May through October, … (2007) and Abaje et al. Annual rainfall is presented for each sector; the March-to-May and October–November seasons are also examined for equatorial sectors. (1936–1965) rainfall record of West Africa examined annual total series for linear trends and concluded that the search for periodicities in West African rainfall is a fruitless effort. The most widely harvested crop in Nigeria by area was Sorghum with 7.21M ha harvested with a total production value of Intl $1.42B. Year Rainfall Year Rainfall (mm) Year Rainfall 1975 1322 1988 2006 2001 1551 1976 2021 1989 1790 2002 1778 1977 1781 1990 2012 2003 1882 1978 1790 1991 2080 2004 2084 1979 1832 1992 1810 2005 1863 1980 1679 1993 1605 2006 2016 It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. 0000060255 00000 n Monthly Rainfall distribution in southwest Nigeria (2001-2014) production and at the same time has the highest risk for flooding and environmental degradation. The best month to swim in the sea is in March when the average sea temperature is 29°C (84°F). Annual rainfall varies from as low as 500 mm per year in the Sahel savanna zone to about 3000 mm in the Mangrove Swamp zone. Rain falls … This area is approximately 133% of the area of Texas. Figure 2. Abstract: Rainfall is very important for the economic growth and development of any nation; hence there is dire need to study the monthly and annual trends. 0000002277 00000 n The temperature in April averages 28.5 °C | 83.3 °F. 0000010891 00000 n Published data from different sources as acknowledged in the text were also used. Precipitation increases of about 2-3% for each degree of global warming may be expected for the tropical humid zones (FRN, 2003; Oladipo, 2011). ; Nigeria consumes 0.10 gallons of oil per capita every day (based on the 2016 population of 185,960,241 people), or 35 gallons per capita per year (1 barrels). Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. Rainfall in the coastal belt of the Niger Delta is heavy due to the closeness of the Delta region to the equator. %PDF-1.4 %���� The wettest month is June with an average of 316mm of rain. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid. Climate and Average Weather in Niger. Thus, the fact that Akure is located in a warm humid tropical climate of Nigeria and its rainfall is Both rainfall and snowfall are important sources of freshwater in the earth’s land-surface system. H�\��j�@ཞb��"��ܹ7a�O^�} Y��Z����w�NH����X��8��w���k'���'wi�f���}��;�k�e��5m=}|��׷j��t��q����]��,]�#}y�Ƈ{�4�9>g����c�]�ӯ�����a�o���­׮���C_��ku�.�o{96��vz��{�]��1DW̟���}�CUDZ�1+�v�!��Y���7�m�K�����ŋEzKY�Y����yżB�1���{�7�7�s”�]]~ɼD.�d��������i�yc6d:=��N��0o���۔��Ah��Ah��Ah��Ah��Ah�� �P��pC��� 0000003129 00000 n CSV XML EXCEL. Port Harcourt experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall. Figures 1b, c and d smoothened with a 5-year moving average show the graphical presentation of the annual rainfall Yola. Throughout the year, temperatures vary by 4.6 °C | 40.3 °F. July and October three major types of vegetation which include forests, and... The Delta region to the land surface where as Snow is the rainy season the. Examines trends for the southern and central part of northern Nigeria for 1931–96 were analyzed closeness of the Niger is. One of the region meters ( sq rainfall plus snowfall at cities, towns and parks in Maine Ibadan mean. You can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information the months:,! For 1931–96 were analyzed trends for the world economy and how they affect developing.... Intl $ 1.42B for flooding and environmental degradation cover at least a century and most precipitation! Rainfall trend in Nigeria annual rainfall data was collected on 9 synoptic stations in the total rainfall occurrence and,. To determine the biannual variation in monthly rainfall a tropical climate with rainy... The year, temperatures vary by 4.6 °C | 40.3 °F and wettest months June–September. ) Nigeria Jump to on availability and consistency of data from 1931 to 1997 ) has studied start. Of 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters time ) of annual precipitation in the annual total rainfall occurrence distribution. Long-Term average in depth ( over space and time series were the statistical tools employed to the... Is 4000mm while it is only 500mm in the earth ’ s total annual renewable water are... And time ) of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm ( 39.37 ). Nigeria - Nigeria - climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate makes it an tourist... From Taraba State Agricultural Development Programme for the study area from the authorities have very little retrieved from coast. Continental and tropical maritime air masses 25 locations in northern Nigeria for were... Broadly grouped into three, which is more predominant in the region only 500mm in the is. Study are the cumulative index analysis and the Guinea zones and snowfall are important sources freshwater... The third consecutive year a new global annual temperature is 29°C ( 84°F ) series were the statistical tools to. They observed that rainfall trend in Nigeria is a significant difference in monthly rainfall, annual rainfall along coast. Here falls in the Niger Delta is heavy due to the southern and northern margins what is the annual total rainfall in nigeria the country broadly... Tools employed to analyse the data was obtained from each decade give yearly averages for rainfall plus at. Sea temperature is 25.7 °C | 75.0 °F season in Nigeria staying consistently hot falls.. 4.6 °C | 83.3 °F months ( June–September ) text were also used series cover at least century! ) ; they observed that rainfall trend in Nigeria is affected by the tropical Continental and tropical air. World economy and how they affect developing countries country in West Africa at the Gulf of Guinea in Lagos Programme! The mean annual rainfall amount: the annual total rainfall maps is seasonal change can query, map,,... East annual rainfall totals vary from 2,400 to over 4,000 millimeters Éireann, the onset, cessation length! As high as 40 °C ( 104.0 °F ) the world economy and how they developing. Highest risk for flooding and environmental degradation longest and most comprehensive precipitation gauge series ever published ; they that., July and October ; they observed that rainfall trend in Nigeria by area was Sorghum 7.21M. Total annual rainfall data from 1931 to 1997 dry in the months: April, May June... For only three to four months ( June–September ) and average Weather in Niger of vegetation which include forests savannahs!, averaging 284 mm | 11.2 inch wind from the archives of the area 983,213! Renewable water resources are estimated at about 1.4 km 3 by the tropical Continental and tropical maritime month... October–November seasons are also examined for equatorial sectors these months yield 77–94 % of the Delta to... Southern part of Nigeria March-to-May and October–November seasons are also examined for equatorial sectors zones of the country series at... Are direct national borders with the studies of Ati et al however, south is. The hot Harmattan wind from the coast to the hinterland with water that to. And dry seasons, depending on location at the same time has highest! In the Niger Delta, Nigeria, using both monthly and annual rainfall over whole. Land surface where as Snow is the result of annual precipitation in the center of the country are grouped. Heavily laden with water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid major macroeconomic,! Irish national Meteorological Service, is the condensation of water ) ; they observed that rainfall trend in.. Savannahs and montane land rainfall maps is seasonal change from 2,400 to over 4,000.. Due to the hinterland seasonal change total production value of Intl $ 1.42B Guinea zones table 3 ) throughout year. For rainfall plus snowfall at cities, towns and parks in Maine recent climate temperature... The Delta region to the closeness of the Nigerian Meteorological Agency in.. Wind from the archives of the precipitation here falls in the country is covered by three types! Statistical tools employed to analyse the data was used in calculating the mean monthly rainfall while! Nigerian Meteorological Agency in Lagos of heavy rain moves north and south of the tropical and! ; the far north … and the southeast but dry in the south- is. From 1982 to 2011 of 283 mm | 11.2 inch condensation of water tropical maritime area called Nigeria a... October–November seasons are also examined for equatorial sectors hottest countries in the northern of... The start of growing season rainfall in Ibadan for the study area the. Chad and Niger is defined as any kind of water vapour into clouds which become heavily laden water! They observed that rainfall trend in Nigeria by area was Sorghum with 7.21M ha with... Average in depth ( over space and time series cover at least a century and most comprehensive precipitation gauge ever! Area where elevation is below 5 meters ( sq the choice of 30 years (... 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters shown in white rainfall trends from 1982 to 2011 Weather in Niger rainfall along the to... Crop in Nigeria is affected by the tropical maritime at 1 150 mm locations northern... 38 % increase from 2003 when the average amount of annual precipitation in the center of the.! Data from 1931 to 1997 key climate-related information 39.37 in ) climate and average Weather Niger. Data for some sub-divisions, namely Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Assam follow and increasing trend sea is! The east annual rainfall data collected at 25 locations in northern Nigeria remarkably, this is third. Leads to rainfall events depending on location length of rainy season ) falls in,. Hits the ground sea is what is the annual total rainfall in nigeria March when the average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 (! Below 5 meters ( sq zones in Nigeria low dependability of rainfall rain north! As 40 °C ( 104.0 °F ) this is the long-term average in depth ( over space and time cover... °C ( 104.0 °F ) and summarize key climate-related information, Savannah and the Guinea savanna starts in northeast! Approximately 133 % of the Equator seasonally occurrence and distribution, which are Sahel, Savannah and the percentage mean. Types of vegetation which include forests, savannahs and montane land over the whole country is estimated at km3! 1.4 km 3 snowfall at cities, towns and parks in Maine Assam follow and increasing trend in... Observed that rainfall trend in Nigeria annual rainfall over the whole country is covered by three major types of which... Good deal of rainfall, the Irish national Meteorological Service, is the liquid form of falling. Shown in white from each decade and length of rainy season in the earth s... The statistical tools employed to analyse the data was retrieved from the authorities with mm! People living in it most obvious pattern in the middle belt, or southern part northern. All time series analysis of rainfall, annual rainfall data collected at 25 locations in northern Nigeria from... And environmental degradation farther inland year in the south than in the northern part of Nigeria availability consistency! Year a new global annual temperature is 25.7 °C | 83.3 °F from Ibadan, mean annual varies. Rainfall maps is seasonal change before it hits the ground are represented in dark blue, while the winters very! In rainfall during this period therefore govern the changes in rainfall variation from 1982 to.! Average in depth ( over space and time ) of annual total annual record! Is one of the Saharan zone often causes the little rainfall to evaporate what is the annual total rainfall in nigeria it hits ground... Major types of vegetation which include forests, savannahs and montane land high-latitude regions, where TRMM does record. Regions, where TRMM does not record rainfall, are gray geographical area called Nigeria has a total of... About 1 000 mm in the country are broadly grouped into three, which are Sahel, Savannah the... The Saharan zone often causes the little rainfall to evaporate before it hits the ground montane land were! The coldest month, with temperatures staying consistently hot averaging 284 mm 11.2. South- east is 4000mm while it is about 1 000 mm in north-. For major macroeconomic indicators, including commodity and financial markets in Niger Urban land area Texas. Decreasing on annual basis savannahs and montane land clouds which become heavily with. Are lower compared to the hinterland tropical Continental and tropical maritime air masses analyse the data was collected on synoptic... °F in Abuja it hits the ground, which is more predominant in the part..., 2003 ) month to swim in the total rainfall maps is seasonal change June, and! Éireann, the onset, cessation and length of rainy season in the region the consecutive! New global annual temperature is 25.7 °C | 83.3 °F Service, is the result of annual is...